Styles in interior design and architecture throughout the ages. Baroque and Rococo.
Baroque style was developed in Italy, Rome, in the 1500’s, while the Rococo style was created around 1720’s in France. It emerged during the last phase of the Baroque movement. Both styles were created during the time when customers required luxurious, opulent design, which would represent their wealth and power. In comparison with the previous styles, there is much more emotion in these styles, which embody the concepts of that time.
Baroque buildings were dramatic and bold, with dark vivid colours and imposing grandeur. Baroque architecture was sumptuous and delightful and magnified its beauty and power, the same as Rococo buildings. The straight line of the Baroque predecessor, Renaissance style, was replaced with flawless lines and curves (2). Interiors (1) were large and opulent, producing the magnificent effects of light and shade. Velvet (5), silk (6), gold, rare woods and large size furniture were used in ostentatious Baroque buildings. One of the best examples of baroque architecture is St Peter’s Basilica in Roma, designed by the greatest Baroque architect, Bernini. Baroque style was greatly influenced by Catholic Church.
Although the Rococo style is considered as the continuation of Baroque, there are some differences between two styles. Baroque style generally is classified as an architectural movement, whereas Rococo style is associated with art, craftsmanship and interior design. The style became much more soft and feminine, airy and light.Pastel, white and gold were the predominant colours. Decorative mouldings, putti (3), were very popular during that time. Walls and ceilings were lavishly decorated. The “rocaille” (4), elaborately stylised shell-like motif, was developed by French architects and interior designers and was highly in use in the interior design of Rococo houses and Royal residences. 18th-century artists and designers seek their inspiration from nature. Natural organic forms and shapes were very popular during that time. Flowers, plants, and particularly shell motif were very popular. The Rocaille was found first in interior panels “to add the touch of elegance and reduce the heaviness of architectural elements.” In wall frame-like decorations, rocaille resembles shells, scrolls and floral motif, S and C letters, emphasising asymmetrical curves. Soon rocaille became one of the most popular elements of Rococo style and was used almost everywhere: a carriage, furniture, personal items, such as hand mirrors and snuffboxes. Mirrors in interiors were used to enhance a sense of light and open space. Asymmetry became one of the most distinguishing traits of the Rococo style.
Rococo movement, with its delicate stroke and feminine style, highly influenced not only Early Georgian style but 20th century Art Nouveau style as well.